About the Service
Sole proprietorship is one of the easiest Business Structure to start in India. A proprietorship is a type of business that is owned, managed, and controlled by one person - who is the proprietor. As the proprietorship and proprietor are one and the same, it is very easy to start and there are very minimal compliance requirements.
As the proprietor and the business are one and the same, a proprietorship cannot have other partners or shareholders. Further, there is no limited liability protection for the proprietor from the business activities conducted in the sole proprietorship. Hence, this type of business entity is best suited for every small business with no more than 5 employees.
1. Mobile number
2. E-mail id
3. Aadhaar card of proprietor
4. PAN Card of proprietor
1. Who is a sole proprietor?
A sole proprietor is the sole owner of the proprietorship business. Hence, a business will be carried forward by making new bank account for the business and GST registration will be done by using PAN and Aadhar of the proprietor. The proprietor is completely responsible for all the assets and liabilities of the business.
2. How to check proprietorship status?
In India, we don’t have to register sole proprietorship. Hence, there is no platform to check the status of a sole proprietorship. However, if a proprietor has applied for GST registration, the GST registration and filing status of the proprietorship can be checked on the GST Portal to confirm the existence of the proprietorship.
3. What are Sole Proprietorship Registrations & Licenses?
To run a proprietorship business in India, the proprietor will have to obtain PAN and Aadhar. The proprietor must obtain GST registration, UDYAM registration and open a bank current account. In some states, the proprietor will also have to obtain Shops & Establishment Act registration.
In addition to the basic requirements above, additional license and permits may be required depending on the industry, state, and local regulations.
4. What are the advantages of Proprietorship?
Easy registration: Sole proprietorship does not have any formal incorporation or dissolution process - as it's the same as the Proprietor. However, to operate a business, the proprietor may have to obtain certain registrations and licenses to be compliant with the laws and regulations of India.
Lower compliance: As most proprietorship is only registered with government departments like Income Tax & GST, the compliance burden will be lower. On the other hand, entities like LLP or Company are registered with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and have to file various statutory returns and be audited by a Chartered Accountant each year.
Simplicity: As there are no partners, shareholders, or directors, the proprietor can easily operate this business with minimal documents and consent requirements. Hence, this type of business structure is best suited for very small businesses.
Business decision: In a proprietorship, the business owner takes all business decisions. There is no consent or approval required from any other person. Hence, a proprietor can normally take quick decisions regarding his business affairs.
Complete control: As sole proprietorship is owned only by the proprietor. He/she has complete control over the assets, revenue, expenses and all business operations.
5. What are the disadvantages of Sole Proprietorship?
Funding: This type of business structure relies solely on one person's savings, borrowings and credit history. As there are no other persons are involved in this type of business structure, raising funds from banks will be very hard. Raising equity funds will not be possible - as this type of business entity does not allow for profit sharing or shareholding.
Personal liability: If a proprietor is unable to pay business loans or taxes, in a proprietorship - the personal assets of the business owner can be attached or encumbered. Hence, in this type of business structure - the proprietor will be held personally liable until all the liabilities are extinguished.
Business continuity: In case of death or disability of the business owner, the sole proprietorship will be automatically dissolved. Hence, there will be no business continuity.
Growth: A proprietorship has various restrictions in terms of fundraising, liability and business continuity. Hence, only very small businesses that are in the unorganized sector operate as proprietorship.
Unincorporated business: Sole proprietorship are unincorporated businesses. Hence, there is no centralized database available to see if a sole proprietorship is active or inactive. Thus, sole proprietorship entities are mostly classified as unorganized business.